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Stereoscopic 3D Anatomy of the Knee Joint: MPFL and ACL

March 15, 2015

Contributors: Gianluca Camilieri, MD; Pao Golano (deceased), MD; Stefano Zaffagnini, MD

3D stereoscopic technology is ever more popular for watching movies, sporting events, documentaries, and playing games. The sensation of different layers through the "trick" of sending right and left images switching quickly the transmission to the left and right eye, allow us to perceive objects inside and outside the screen. Action movies and nature documentaries take this big advantage to cause the perception of something real. This technology, in our opinion, can improve and broaden horizons of didactic videos for orthopaedic learning. Our goal is to show the power of this technology for understanding and learning knee anatomy.

In this video we focused our attention to the normal anatomy of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and medial patella femoral ligament (MPFL) due to the great interest shown by the orthopaedic community and literature on these arguments. Anatomic reconstructions of ACL and MPFL are widely debated with the effect of new surgical techniques developed to respect the original anatomy of these ligamentous structures. Their behavior during the flexion-extension movement and static phase has been recorded from different perspectives to give the correct perception of the depth, shape, direction, and relationship with the surrounding anatomical structures.

Results for "Knee: Physical Exam/Anatomy"