OKOJ, Volume 1, No. 3

Removal of Polymethylmethacrylate Bone Cement During THA

Because of the intricacies of component removal, cement removal, and the ultimate reconstruction, the surgeon must be familiar with the more-extensile exposures that can be added to the standard exposure.

    • Keywords:
    • revision total hip arthroplasty,

    • revision total hip replacement,

    • PMMA,

    • implant removal,

    • stem removal,

    • femoral component removal,

    • cement removal,

    • cemented implant

    • Subspecialty:
    • Adult Reconstruction,

Complex Elbow Instability Fracture-Dislocation

The elbow is the second most commonly dislocated joint in adults. Complex instability of the elbow represents a spectrum of injuries defined by disruption of the capsuloligamentous restraints and articular elements of the elbow. The mechanism of elbow dislocation has traditionally been felt to occur as a result of a hyperextension force across the elbow. This mechanism fails to fully explain the pattern of soft-tissue and bony injuries associated with elbow dislocations. The management of complex elbow instability requires a full understanding of the biomechanics of the elbow and the articular and soft-tissue contributions to elbow stability. The principles of nonsurgical and surgical management of complex elbow instability are reviewed extensively.

    • Keywords:
    • elbow fracture,

    • broken elbow,

    • elbow dislocation,

    • dislocated elbow,

    • fracture dislocation of the elbow,

    • complex elbow dislocation,

    • coronoid process fracture,

    • olecranon fracture,

    • radial head fracture,

    • radial neck fracture,

    • terrible triad of the elbow,

    • ODriscoll classification,

    • Reagan-Morrey classification,

    • Mayo classification,

    • Mason classification,

    • Hotchkiss classification,

    • extension block splinting,

    • internal fixation,

    • plate fixation,

    • hinged external fixation,

    • radial head excision,

    • ligamentous repair,

    • ligamentous reconstruction

    • Subspecialty:
    • Shoulder and Elbow,