The Importance of Sexual Dimorphism Research

Laura M. Bruse Gehrig, MD

The AAOS Women’s Health Issues Advisory Board (WHIAB) seeks to advocate, advance, and serve as a resource for research on sex and gender differences in musculoskeletal health for a variety of audiences, including orthopaedic surgeons, policymakers, and the general public. The WHIAB has several ongoing initiatives to promote awareness of sex differences in the diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of orthopaedic conditions.

Significant efforts to prioritize research to include sexual dimorphism are imperative to improve patient care and healthcare delivery. Yet many orthopaedists continue to ask, “Why should musculoskeletal research direct resources to sexual dimorphism?”

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