Current Treatment for Talar Fractures

Abstract

Talar fractures are some of the most challenging injuries that orthopaedic traumatologists manage. The current knowledge of functional alterations with respect to malreduction of talar fractures is well established. Decision making with regard to timing, approach, and implant selection as well as strategies to help achieve accurate restoration of talar anatomy substantially affect outcomes and must be carefully considered. Perfect anatomic talar reconstruction should always be attempted, and orthopaedic surgeons should have a strong working knowledge of the vascular, three-dimensional, and radiographic anatomy of the talus before performing talar surgery. Almost the entire talus is surgically accessible via several approaches, all of which surgeons should be clinically familiar with to optimize reduction and fixation and safely preserve the soft-tissue envelope. Furthermore, surgeons must appreciate the plantar medial vascular area of the talus, which must be avoided during dissection. The complication rates in patients who have talar fractures are high, particularly in those who have talar neck and talar body fractures; therefore, patients should be counseled on their expected outcome, with a specific discussion on the risk of osteonecrosis and subtalar arthritis.

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